Variabilidad de la precipitacion afecta la composición química, producción de gas y degradabilidad de los cactus

Rainfall variability affects the chemical composition, gas production and degradability of cacti Variabilidade da precipitação e a composição nutricional de cactos

Contenido principal del artículo

Daniel Ribeiro Menezes
Juliana Muniz dos Santos
Cintia Raquel Nunes de Oliveira
Polyana Deyse Rodrigues Marcelino
Anna Paula da Mata Araújo Pinheiro
Dalinne Tamara Queiroz de Carvalho
Júlio Cesar Silva Nascimento
Tadeu Vinhas Voltolini
Mário Adriano Ávila Queiroz

Resumen

Objetivo. El objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de la variabilidad de las lluvias sobre la composición química, la degradabilidad in vitro y la producción de gas de cactus en la región Semiárida. Materiales y métodos. Este fue un diseño experimental completamente al azar en un arreglo factorial de 2 períodos de lluvia (lluvia alta y baja) x 5 especies de cactus, con 5 repeticiones. Los cactus evaluados fueron Pilosocereus gounellei (Weber ex K. Schum). Bly ex Rowl, Cereus jamacaru DC., Opuntia ficus indica Mill, Nopalea cochenillifera Salm. Dyck y Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw, todas frescas. Resultados. Hubo una interacción entre la variación de la lluvia y las especies de cactus para materia seca, proteína cruda, fibra detergente neutra y fibra detergente ácido (p<0.05), producción de gas in vitro (p<0.05) y para la degradabilidad in vitro de materia seca (p<0.05). Entre los cactus, Pilosocereus gounellei presentó una menor proporción de materia orgánica y un aumento en el contenido de materia mineral en relación a los demás cactus (p<0.05). Conclusiones. La composición química, los coeficientes de producción de gas y la degradabilidad in vitro fueron influenciados por las especies de cactus y por la variación de las precipitaciones. Las especies de cactus aumentan el contenido de materia seca, proteína cruda y fibra de detergente neutro durante la escasez de precipitaciones. Las variedades de nopal (Opuntia y Nopalea) se destacaron entre los cactus ensayados en relación a la producción de gas y la degradabilidad in vitro.


 

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Biografía del autor/a (VER)

Daniel Ribeiro Menezes, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil.

Daniel Ribeiro Menezes

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Campus de Ciências Agrárias, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

daniel.menezes@univasf.edu.br

https://orcid.org/000-0002-6378-010X

Juliana Muniz dos Santos, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil.

Juliana Muniz dos Santos

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Campus de Ciências Agrárias, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

julianamds16@hotmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1565-1151

Cintia Raquel Nunes de Oliveira, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil.

Cintia Raquel Nunes de Oliveira

Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Salvador/BA, Brazil.

cintia.agap@hotmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4495-9294

Polyana Deyse Rodrigues Marcelino, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil.

Polyana Deyse Rodrigues Marcelino

Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Salvador/BA, Brazil.

polyana_deyse@hotmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8094-6765

Anna Paula da Mata Araújo Pinheiro, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil.

Anna Paula da Mata Araújo Pinheiro

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Campus de Ciências Agrárias, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

annapaula_pinheiro@hotmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-6250

Dalinne Tamara Queiroz de Carvalho, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil.

Dalinne Tamara Queiroz de Carvalho

Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Salvador/BA, Brazil.

dalinnetamara@hotmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0148-1577

Júlio Cesar Silva Nascimento, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil.

Júlio Cesar Silva Nascimento

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Campus de Ciências Agrárias, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

j_18_cesar@hotmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3208-2835

Glayciane Gois, a:1:{s:5:"es_ES";s:7:"UNIVASF";}

Glayciane Costa Gois

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Campus de Ciências Agrárias, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

glayciane_gois@yahoo.com.br  

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4624-1825

Tadeu Vinhas Voltolini, Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Embrapa Semiárido,  Brazil.

Tadeu Vinhas Voltolini

Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Embrapa Semiárido, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

tadeu.voltilini@embrapa.br

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8793-8103

Mário Adriano Ávila Queiroz, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Brazil.

Mario Adriano Ávila Queiroz

Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Campus de Ciências Agrárias, Petrolina/PE, Brazil.

mario.queiroz@univasf.edu.br

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7677-5273

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